A dermatologist is a type of doctor who is trained especially to treat any kind of medical condition that relates to the skin. Dermatologists also look at the conditions that affect the mucous membranes as well as the hair and nails. Dermatologists are trained to be able to identify the kinds of conditions that begin internally and manifest themselves as skin conditions, which is why they have to have a wide knowledge of medical specialities. As a quick guide to the types of conditions you can expect to have treated by a dermatologist, here is a list.
Acne is a condition affecting the skin that causes problems with the oil glands. As oil builds up, it clogs pores and causes spots. These spots can be found on any part of the body but are more common on the face and back.
- Eczema and Dermatitis
Dermatitis is a skin condition that occurs in many different types, including eczema which is also known as atopic dermatitis. You can also get seborrheic dermatitis, and contact dermatitis. These skin conditions are characterised by skin inflammation as well as an irritating rash.
- Fungal Infections
A skin doctor or dermatologist will commonly treat fungal infections, which are medical conditions that affect the skin as well as the nails and hair. Fungal infections are common but often need treatment, particularly when they affect someone with a lowered immune system.
This is a skin disorder characterised by scales on the skin and areas of thick, red scarring on the surface of the skin. Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that is caused by a faulty immune response within the body.
Rosacea is a type of skin condition that makes the face look flushed or red. Rosacea can also cause eyelids to swell and blood vessels to appear more visible. You may also get the appearance of small lumps on the surface of the skin.
A skin condition where you lose an amount of melanin from the skin. This is the skin pigment that gives your skin its colour. When you suffer from vitiligo you get patches of light skin over the face or body.
Warts are skin growths that are non-cancerous and develop when a virus attacks the upper layer of the skin. Warts may be removed via treatment from a dermatologist.
- Nail Conditions
As well as the skin, dermatologists also treat conditions affecting the nails. These include fungal nail infections, ingrown nails, nail discolouration, and other conditions. Unhealthy nails can be a sign of general ill health, so it is important for a dermatologist to make a comprehensive diagnosis.