Forget the law and business administration. Software developers, biomedical engineers or data analyst are some of the races of the current era, in the medium term begin to emerge as the most demanding in the world.
Xibelly Mosquera, a 23-year-old recently made headlines for being the first woman to graduate as an astronomer in Colombia. She studied at the University of Antioquia, the only institution of higher education offering undergraduate in this country. As a child his dream was not to be TV presenter, nurse or dentist.
As I watched the Discovery channel documentaries and series Cosmos, next to his father, he always knew he wanted to unravel the mysteries of the universe, to know how galaxies formed and understand the origin and evolution of planets.
Something unthinkable until very recently to a young woman who leaves school wanting to conquer the planet.
But this world has rocketed and he changed the mentality of young people, as well as the needs of the labor market.
For example, until some time ago nobody thought that biomedical engineering could contribute to post-conflict in Colombia. Moreover, very few knew what it was this discipline. Nor was it possible to see in the curriculum of a race the chair on how to be happy. A few students were going through my head be specialists in digital risk or studying nanotechnology to solve problems related to energy, environment and even food.
But these are the races that are making their way and are moving in gradually to the traditional professions of law, business administration, accounting, and a long list of disciplines for decades were those that should be studied if one wanted to “be somebody ” in the life.
Oversupply of DOCTORS
Fortunately for the younger generation, those who study food, and applications software development and biotechnology are not weirdos or are looked over his shoulder. And this is largely explained by saturation showing certain academic programs, “which carries a glut in the labor market depresses wages, especially for recent graduates, ” as corroborating Luis Fernando Ramirez Hernandez, Vice Chancellor for Research and Transfer of the University of La Salle.
The academic explained that Colombia is facing the challenge of moving from a traditional to a modern economy with greater innovation and productivity. “Having qualified human resources in technical or applied sciences areas is critical to business modernization. And in this engineering in their different approaches, they have a key role.”
This is one of the areas in which most innovated. There are quality engineering, multimedia, oceanographic and biomedical of which was not known until less than a decade. The value of enrollment in such programs, lasting about four years on average, between 6.5 million and 8 million pesos.
For example, the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana recently dabbled with engineering design program in digital entertainment, which lasts eight semesters and develops among his pupils skills in engineering, design and art.
As recognized by the university, “it is a profile required to build new companies capable of competing internationally in this field and integrate the work of technologists who are currently in training.” Those who want to expand their knowledge in this area have to be skilled draftsmen, passionate about the use of computer tools and be able to solve technical problems programming or electronics.
The software sector and associated services in Colombia also has an important dynamic in recent years, growing at a rate of 13% per annum and above the industrial sector, as recognized Paola Restrepo Ospina, president of the Colombian Federation Industry Computer Software and Related Technologies. This is a key area in improving the country’s competitiveness, being knowledge-intensive and innovation.
Restrepo admits that the demand for human resources in information technology (IT), both professionals and technicians, is increasing, and the opportunity to generate venture in software development, through new applications and solutions of great complexity.
“This is where we have a national problem, since professionals and technicians graduating year to year racing information technology in the country do not cover the demand in number or specific knowledge,” says the union directive. A key piece of information for those who are wondering whether IT will give them revenues and are a way of life, is that according to a study by Infosys in 2012, the gap professionals IT industry will reach 93,000 by 2018 in the country.
At present, and according to the “Characterization Study of the Sector” conducted by the Seine, the Ministry of Information Technology and Communications (Mintic) and Fedesoft exist in Colombia 598 institutions offering career programs IT level university, technological and professional technician. Of these, 31% are private institutions, and 69% public. “Most of these programs are on-site and are located in the most populated cities in the country,” the president of Fedesoft.
FACULTY OF HAPPINESS
But it is not only a professional scale that supply is changing. The Sena has Tecnoacademias, also called Scientific Enrichment Centers for youth who are studying eighth and ninth grade in high school, located in regions vulnerable points. These centers seek to strengthen media skills through education aimed at developing advanced technologies and focus on areas such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, engineering and basic sciences.
Diversification has also reached the field of social sciences. Indeed, for several semesters he began at the College of Higher Administration Studies (CESA) a lecture called “The Happy Business”, the first of this subject elective offered in Colombian universities.
This elective, says the university is largely a response to the challenges of today’s world, “that for a while now recognizes that effective leadership and happiness of the people is more feasible the construction and development of families, businesses and societies in general. ”
For Professor Mauricio Gaona, director of Systems Engineering at the University del Valle, an institution which developed an application to the National Institutes of Health that allows the registration of childhood cancer as well as handle medical records, therapy and medication through any mobile, tablet or computer, future careers will be those that combine technological and social aspects. Among these are computer security professionals specializing in protecting the information that is on all devices and institutions to ensure confidentiality and security.
Two other disciplines booming are the Data Analyst, a suitable person to examine large volumes of data from different sources, and experts in green technologies, responsible for determining ways to save money through energy efficiency, renewable energy, reduction or elimination of hazardous substances, biodegradable materials and recycling.
So it is not surprising that his children say they want to be biomedical engineers and design robots to deactivate mines or become teachers welfare, ethical hackers, specialists in computer forensics or Xibelly, simulate parts of the universe and study the properties of halos of matter dark. Though not know what are you talking about, they probably are more aware and go a step forward in terms of new knowledge is concerned.