The Natural Park Majona
One of the natural areas of interest on the island of La Gomera, is the Natural Park Majona., He declared as such in 1987. Its territory is listed as a Special Area of Conservation (SACs) and member of the Natura 2000 network is. Consideration also holds the area of environmental sensitivity.
Located between the towns of San Sebastian and Hermigua, of which occupies 11.25 percent and 12.08 of its surface respectively, northwest of the island, has an area of 1,757.1 hectares, within which it grows a significant spurge and other interesting species of the basal flora, and a remarkable representation of fayalbrezal.
Majona landscape shows a highly representative of the local topography, major geomorphological interest, which include large ravines and spectacular cliffs product of intense erosion; its variety of endemic and endangered species such as Cardoncillo and bejeques and their different habitats, make the Natural Park in an area of scientific interest.
The protected area also has some isolated settlements, as in Taguluche, where even a modest activity takes place livestock and agriculture, as well as “Enchereda houses”. This area was another focus time of great agricultural activity; currently it is abandoned and seems destined to rural tourism and building on existing buildings, to traditional farming. In areas adjacent to the park there are settlements like the Palmar and Cuevas Blancas.
It must emphasize the importance of forests seated at the head of the ravines, as they meet the valuable mission of protecting the soil and recharge aquifers.
The geographical layout Majona, on the windward side of La Gomera, benefits the area to be affected by the moisture of the trade winds, whose penetration is facilitated by the provision of the ravines that open to the north.
The air masses rise and result high humidity and fog and rain, the levels prevailing between 600-800 meters.
The coastal area of Natural Park has a low annual average number of days of rain, only 22.9, while the average rainfall in a rainy day reach higher values of this sector, focusing on the months of February, March and November.
In higher areas Majona, the annual rainfall is more constant, with an average of 75.8 days of rain. Average temperatures range from 20 degrees in the coastal area and 17 in mediocrities.
The climatic diversity of the park and its variety of substrates, facilitates the settlement and development of numerous plant species. With respect to the native land vegetation representation haliofilo-coastal belt is very low, due to the strong verticality of the cliffs.
In the northeast of Majona highlights a cardinal formation tabaibal which houses some endemic species of the island. The laurel forest appears, with formations fayalbrezal shrub and tree and laurel modest demonstrations in the most influenced by the presence of the trade winds spaces. There are also several areas where a very interesting rupicula vegetation save a significant number of endemic species.
Among the non – native vegetation include pine forests, which cover more than one third of the surface of the park.
It can be considered important flora Majona, which has 278 terrestrial vascular species, including 31 endemic species gomeros, 92 canaries endemic species and 40 endemic to the Macaronesian archipelagos.
as for wildlife, we can say that are represented in space encompassing the park most ecosystems and environments of the island.
Excluding the species introduced by man, within the park boundaries have been recorded up to 31 species, and it has been found that 68 percent of this avifauna in La Gomera inhabits Majona.
Among invertebrates, reptiles are represented by the three endemic species of the island: the Gomera lizard, the gomero Canary island wall gecko, and smooth. Among vertebrates, birds are the most numerous group, being observed prey such as the kestrel, the hawk, hawk, falcon Barbary or osprey.
As for mammals, it is known that there are representatives of the only native of La Gomera, bats, bat specimens have been observed Madeira, the mountaineer bat, the bat forest and tailed bat.
Culturally included two archaeological sites grouped as 28 units spread over 11 associated interest similarly sets.
The site that predominates in the Natural Park is located in natural caves, as well as in the Barranco de Majona and the so – called Lomo de Majona, which features the sake of sacrifice, cups and channels.
Research shows the loin Majona and Taguluche as areas of concentration of archaeological interest.
On the other plant and animal wealth, its climate and landscape variety, and areas of scientific and archaeological interest, Majona Natural Park is one of the spaces to meet essential of La Gomera.